Mahatma Gandhi was one of the greatest personalities of the world, who laid their life for the welfare of the humanity. He was perhaps born to tell the path of truth, ‘Ahimsa’ and peace to the suffering humanity. The leadership of the National Movement by Gandhiji was an event of the great significance of the history of the national movement of our country. Gandhiji played a key role from the second decade of the 20th century in the freedom movement of India. He made the national movement a mass movement and turned the Congress into an organization of the freedom fighter people of India. He led the freedom struggle till its culmination in 1947 A.D. Mahatma Gandhi, passing his Matriculation examination, went to England to receive higher education and became a barrister. Later he went to South Africa as a legal adviser to the business firm. About full 20 years, he served his countrymen in Africa. Gandhiji came back to India after winning a great name when the first World War was going on. During the World War 1, he rendered every possible help to the British Government and even won a silver medal. But when he came to know the attitude of the British Government he plugged into freedom movement with heart and soul and did not take rest till he had broken the chains of slavery of his motherland.
With the death of Bala Gangadhar Tilak in August 1920, Gandhiji became the sole guide of the Congress. Mahatma Gandhi started Satyagarh when the British Govt. passed the Rowlatt Act. In 1919 A.D. jallianwala Bag Massacre took place at Punjab on 13th April 1919. Thousand were killed and wounded. On this Gandhiji and other leaders were arrested. After some time, coming out the jail he started Non-Co-operation movement and Khilafat Movement- Civil Disobedience, rejected Simon-Commission- declared complete independence and celebrated 20th January in 1930. He participated in the second Round Table Conference. He was arrested again for civil disobedience. His Quit India Movement in 1942 A.D. increased the speed of the movement drastically. Mass arrests were made thousands wounded British bullets. But this repression further fanned the fire of nationalism and patriotism. In 1944 Gandhiji was released. The last three years that preceded that the country’s attainment of independence was filled with a lot of struggle and unexpected developments. There was an unfortunate communal deadlock, the terrible communal riots in Bengal and Punjab. In July 1947, the British Parliament finally passed India Independence Act dividing India into two separate States- India and Pakistan against the will of Mahatma Gandhi. After five months Gandhiji died on January 1948.