An intense movement was started throughout the country in protest against the massacre at Jalianwallabagh. The Indians suffered a lot because of the repressive policies of the Govt. As a result, Gandhiji launched his non-co-operation movement in 1920.
Mahatma Gandhi started this movement on the base of non-violence. He asked people to boycott govt. jobs, titles, schools and colleges and take part in the movement. Thus the movement was intensified.
At about the same time the British attacked Turkey, and the Muslims started the Khilafat Movement in India protesting the inhuman atrocities upon the Turkes. Gandhiji supported this movement and thus the Congress was joined with the Khilafat Movement.
Visit of Price Of Wales
The visit of the princes of Whales in 1921, gave rise to protest and hartals in many parts of the country. Many leaders including Gandhi were arrested. A violence broke out at Chouri-choura in protest against the police4 atrocities. This led Gandhi to call off the movement temporarily.
Swaraj Party and Simon Commission
In 1993, a new party called Swaraj Party was formed. Their aim was to participate in the election and oppose the British from within. After this, the Simon Commission came to India in1927. Even this was opposed by the Indians and the movement began with a renewed vigor.
Civil Disobedience Movement
Gandhiji started the Civil Disobedience Movement in1930 with the Dandi March. As soon as the movement started all important leaders including Gandhiji were arrested. The Civil Disobedience Movement spread rapidly throughout the country and the Indians too faced inhuman torture in the hands of the British government.
Round Table Conference
From the year 1920-1932, three Round Table Conference4 were held. The Congress participated only in the second one. The Government of India Act of 1935 was promulgated on the basis of the report of the Simon Commission and the discussion of the Round Table Conference. Gandhi called off the Civil on Disobedience Movement after this.
Second World War
In September 1939, the second World War broke out. Congress agreed to help the British on the condition that independence would be given to Indian after the war. The British government did not make any such commitment and hence Congress resigned from the ministries.
In 1942 Sir Stafford Cripps was sent to India to seek the support of the Indians against the possible attack by Japan. But since no mention was made of India’s independence in the scheme, the Congress, as well as the Muslim League, rejected it.
In 1941, Subhas Chandra Bose secretly left India and organized an army of Indian soldiers called the Azad Hind Fauz. He declared war on British India and entered Manipur and Naga Hills. But with the defeat of Japan in the war, all his efforts failed.
Quit India Movement
After the failure of the Cripps Mission, the historic “Quit India” resolution was adopted by the Congress in its session held in Bombay in August 1942. As the movement intensified, all the throughout the country and demonstrations were held everywhere.