Assam is situated in the extreme North-East of India. It is bordered by- in North; Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh. In the east and south; Arunachal, Nagaland, Manipur Mizoram and Meghalaya. In west; West Bengal, Bangladesh, and Tripura. Three sides are surrounded by hills and mountains, only western side plain.
Assam is full of hills and plains. It can be divided into three divisions(A)Brahmaputra plain, (B)The Barak plain and (c)The Karbi- North Cachar hills or plateau regionThe Brahmaputra plains covers the northern part of Assam. The Brahmaputra valley covers about 54,000sq.km.Its east-west length is 720km.On either side of Brahmaputra, there are many hillocks in the plain.
Assam is a fully agricultural state. Both the Brahmaputra and the Barak Valley are in monsoon region. Both the plains are suitable for monsoon crops. More than 80% people are living in agriculture. 30% of the total area of the state is used in cultivation.
The state Assam is industrially backward. All the classic raw materials are available in Assam but there is lack of capital and organization.At present oil industry is the biggest industry in Assam. Oil is considered to be the major mineral source of Assam. Assam has four oil refineries at Digboi,
Noonmati, Bongaigaon, and Numaligarh.In the division of cottage and small-scale industries, the handloom weaving is the most important industry of Assam. There are 250 thousand handlooms in Assam.
In north-east India the communication and transport system a bit better in Assam. But not good in comparison to other places of India.
The total railway routes in Assam is 2000 km. There is a link of Assam with the other parts of India. The state is well served by air service.There are eight airports in Assam connecting all the important towns of Assam.